Camili Basin, comprising of six settlements, is located in the Eastern Black Sea region of Turkey, within Artvin Province and surrounded by biologically rich forests having high conservation value. In 2005, Camili Basin was officially registered as a biosphere area by UNESCO. This research includes the traditional architecture of the Camili Basin, local climatic conditions and topographic characteristics, successful examples of architectural decisions and practice within the framework of local materials and local construction knowledge and reflects the relations of the people of the region with nature and their environment. The traditional construction system of the basin is wood masonry. The structures built with this construction technique designed with pre-built logic is one of the remarkable characteristics of the traditional architecture of the basin. The climatic conditions of the basin that are challenging for daily life and limited job opportunities have caused migration from the region over the years. Today, improving living conditions and increasing job opportunities cause back-migration, and it becomes necessary to build new houses with the increasing population. The wooden masonry construction system being still viable, is used in the new constructions. However, it is observed that garden floors made with stone masonry and living floors made with wooden carcass in the traditional construction system, are started to be made with reinforced concrete carcass construction technique, and for the public buildings reinforced concrete carcass system is used completely. Structures or building sections constructed using the reinforced concrete carcass construction system, which local craftsmen are unfamiliar with, appears as problematic and unqualitative buildings aesthetically and construction-wise, due to the reasons of highly humid climatic conditions of the region, the soil structure being prone to erosion, and the lack of technical knowledge of the craftsmen. The people of the region and the local administrators are concerned about the structural and aesthetic problems that arise especially with the newly built houses in the basin, but any solutions cannot be produced. From this point of view, determining the answers to the question of which design and construction methods should be followed in the current housing construction in Camili Basin is the working area of this article. Today, for the construction of qualitative buildings with architectural value, it has become necessary to receive architectural and engineering services of professionals who are experts in their fields, from the project stage to the completion of the building, due to the diversity of current materials and construction systems, and the increasing complexity of building equipment. Nevertheless, it has been observed that aforementioned services could not or were not intentionally received in the house constructions in the Camili Basin. In the production process of the traditional architecture, the unwritten traditional standards system, which was established over time with social agreements, plays a decisive role from the design stage to the completion of the building which forms the traditional architectural character specific to the region. Nowadays, a series of construction standards in line with the needs and tendencies of the local should be established and developed, taking into account the universal building standards. What is meant by the concept of new standards is not the type projects for the implementation of a structure or several structures. Architects and engineers who are experts in their fields will be able to take an active part in the creation and implementation of these standards, and construction will be carried out by local builders.Keywords: Artvin Camili Basin, traditional wooden houses, traditional wood masonry architecture, pre-built wooden houses in the countryside, pre built wood masonry houses.
Camili Havzasının geleneksel mimarisi, bölgenin iklim koşulları, topoğrafya özellikleri, yerel malzeme ve yerel inşa bilgisi çerçevesinde alınabilecek mimari kararların ve uygulamaların başarılı örneklerini içermekte, bölge insanının, doğa ve çevresi ile ilişkilerini yansıtmaktadır. Havzanın geleneksel mimarisi yapım sistemi ahşap yığmadır. Bölgede bu yapım tekniği ile inşa edilen yapıların, ön yapım mantığında kurgulanmış olması, havzanın geleneksel mimarisinin dikkat çekici özellikleri arasındadır. Havzanın insan yaşamını zorlayıcı iklim koşulları, iş imkânlarının kısıtlı olması, yıllar içinde bölgeden göçe neden olmuştur. Günümüzde ise, iyileşen karayolu ulaşımı, yerelde yapılan kalkınma öncelikli projeler ile ekolojik tarımın desteklenmesi, sivil toplum örgütlerinin bölgede yürüttüğü çalışmalar ile arıcılığın gelişmesi, doğa turizminin yaygınlaşması ile bölgeye ilginin artması ve turizmin getirdiği yeni iş olanakları gibi etkenler, geri göçe neden olmakta, artan nüfusla birlikte yeni konutların yapılması zorunlu hale gelmektedir. Camili Havzasındaki yerleşimlerde, güncel konut üretiminde izlenmesi gereken tasarım ve yapım yöntemlerinin araştırılması, bu makalenin çalışma konusu olmuştur.Anahtar Kelimeler: Artvin Camili Havzası, geleneksel ahşap konutlar, geleneksel ahşap yığma mimari, kırsalda ön yapımlı ahşap konutlar, ön yapımlı yığma ahşap konutlar.